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Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus malayensis   - Nest building
Paddyfield Pipit
Photographer : © Amar-Singh HSS
Location :Ipoh City, Perak, Malaysia
Date : 29 January 2016
English synonyms:Indian Pipit, Oriental Pipit, Richard's Pipit
Bird Family :Motacillidae - Wagtails & pipits
Bird Group :PASSERIFORMES
Red Data Status :Least Concern
Remarks :I spotted a pair of Paddyfield Pipits building a nest. They were using the recently trimmed, overgrown garden of an old run down property. The grounds were mainly covered with Imperata cylindrical (Lalang) regrowth and grass. Some observation made over 1.5 hours of observation:
1. I observed only one bird building the nest, presumed female with nesting material.
2. The female collects mainly dried grass (Imperata cylindrical) but occasional roots and fresh stems of grass.
3. Collection was about 10-20 metres from the nest. But I noticed that, when I was perceived as ‘threat,’ the bird would fly across a road and collect from further afield.
4. The presumed female has a curious tail swagger that I observed a number of times. Often, but not always, occurring just before taking off with nesting material for the nesting site (see video).
5. The partner, presumed male, has the function of ‘perimeter’ or security detail. It usually walked around feeding or hunkered/crouched down in the grass watching for threats (see image).
6. I observed 4 episodes where a ‘rival’ male (presumed) pipit came to the grounds and was vigorously chased off by the presumed male. In one episode with physical contact during a fast aerial pursuit.
7. The presumed male will also make frequent ‘contact’ calls with the bird collecting the nesting material. I suppose these are to indicate safety or danger.
8. The male (presumed) will also indulge in sham nest building when it perceives that there is some threat. On one occasion when it spotted me being too intent in watching it picked up a long stand of dried Imperata grass and walked about prominently to attract my attention. Generally such along piece of grass is not used but it served the purpose of distracting me from the female.
The video is a composite of a number of nest material collecting episodes and also shows the tail swagger. See: https://youtu.be/V_-Cn_RfkZY
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